Housing first in Finland

In Finland the housing first principle originating from the U.S., has become a challenger to the traditional "staircase" or the "continuum of care" housing service approaches. It is a question about the "change of paradigm" in tackling homelessness. According to the HF-principle housing is a basic need, which is not bound to health or lifestyle and rehabilitation is not a precondition for housing.


Traditional homelessness service models can work well with those who have opted for substance abuse rehabilitation and can cope with shared housing. However, a housing model that insists on the service user being intoxicant-free and able to take control of their life has proven to contain insuperable barriers for many homeless people with multiple problems. (Busch-Geertsema 2010.) What is the housing first principle, what does it mean in the Finnish context and what are the differences between traditional housing service models and HF-model? How does the Finnish housing first implementations differ from the original U.S. model?


Name on the door - development project (finished)

Name on the Door project has finished in 2012. The currently active project that develops services for homeless people is Networking for development project.

A specific Finnish research and development project Name on the door was dedicated to the research of the housing first principle in the Finnish context. The multisectoral project was part of the first National Programme to Reduce Long-Term Homelessness (PAAVO I) and it developed homelessness services that use the housing first principle in four Finnish cities. Meanwhile the project also outlined whether there is a specific Finnish housing first model or approach. The Name on the door project carried out international cooperation by networking with actors developing the housing first principle in other Nordic countries, Europe and in the U.S. Read also news about the Finnish housing first principle and its implementations.



24.04.2015 The Own Keys Project by the Finnish NGO Vailla vakinaista asuntoa (NO Fixed Abode NGO) in the FEANTSA Homeless in Europe Magazine spring issue

The FEANTSA Homeless in Europe Magazine discusses Participation: Inclusion, Empowerment and Routes Out of Homelessness. In "Nothing About Us Without Us! The Own Keys Project – People Who Have Experienced Homelessness Develop Services" by Carole Brady, Raija Maunula and Vlada Petrovskaja describe the main themes found out in their project: the importance of trust in cooperation as well as successes and challenges in the work.

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11.02.2015 FACTS, FINDINGS AND THE FUTURE - Seminar on the international review of the Finnish National Program to Reduce Long-term Homelessness

Results from the international research evaluation on the Program to Reduce Long-term Homelessness (2008 -2015), pathways to homelessness in Helsinki and future homeless policies were discussed in a seminar on February 10th, 2015. The seminar was be conducted in English.

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30.09.2014 The evaluation on the Finnish HF Program in 2014

Evaluation on the whole PAAVO program (2008-2015) will be carried out in 2014 as an international research review. The evaluation team consists of distinguished researchers on homelessness issues. The target of the process is to provide information and outlooks on measures in tackling homelessness after the present program period.

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13.08.2014 Seminar 17.9.2014: Perspectives on Housing First in Finland

Preliminary results of the international research evaluation on The Finnish Programme to Reduce Long-term Homelessness

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23.09.2013 Programme to eliminate long-term homelessness in Finland during the period 2012–2015

Information and the ARA´s report "Homelessness in Finland 2014"

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